The Developing Human Connectome Project (dCHP) has performed ground-breaking Magnetic Resonance (MR) brain scans of over 800 newborn babies. A collaboration between King’s College London, Imperial College London and the University of Oxford, the images are the team's third open-source large-scale data release of this project, uncovering how wiring and function of the brain develops during pregnancy and after birth, shedding light on how diseases like autism develop, and how problems in pregnancy affect brain growth.
This is the result of many years hard coordinated work across our three universities, and has resulted in the most amazing, rich data on how the brain develops just before and after birth. We're very excited to release the dataset to the international research community.
- Professor Stephen Smith, Wellcome Centre for Integrative Neuroimaging
These new scans complete a neonatal dataset of brain images and associated clinical data. The imaging data includes structural imaging, structural connectivity data (diffusion MRI) and functional connectivity data (resting-state fMRI).
Professor David Edwards, corresponding principal investigator, believes that, with the data from this release, researchers can map the effects of many factors on brain development, for instance examining the effects of air pollution or maternal health on the developing brain.
'We have health outcome data, so researchers can also look at how the brain at birth predicts what you are like later on,' he said.
This data release comes with simple accompanying metadata: sex, age at birth, age at scan, birthweight, head circumference and radiology score. Future data releases will provide foetal images (imaging babies in the womb), more detailed ancillary data as well as genetic and clinical data.
For these scans, most of the babies were imaged while naturally asleep. If the baby woke up, scanning was stopped and attempts made to resettle before proceeding. If a baby moved, the team ensured all the data was motion corrected, largely using methods developed specifically for the dHCP project, in order to produce highly detailed and rich information on brain development.
Currently the researchers are analysing the images to ask questions about how the brain develops, how air pollution might affect brain growth as a foetus or as a new-born, and whether early birth negatively affects brain development.
The research consortium is funded by a €15 million Synergy grant from the European Research Council. The aim is to ensure data is shared as widely as possible. Future releases will include data from babies still in the womb as well as information on children’s genes and their abilities as they grow up.
Researchers are able to download the data pack now