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The HMR E silencer represses transcription of silent mating-type genes in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and contains three redundant regulatory elements A, E and B (ref. 1). The A element contains the 11 base pair consensus sequence that is essential for the firing of DNA replication origins. A multisubunit protein called the origin recognition complex (ORC) binds specifically to this consensus sequence within yeast origins in vitro and in vivo. We isolated mutants in A element-mediated silencing and report here that one of the genes we identified, RRR1, encodes ORC2, the 72K subunit of ORC. RRR1/ORC2 is an essential gene, but the rrr1-316 allele, which is viable, is defective in the replication of nuclear DNA and the maintenance of the 2-microns episomal DNA. This is, to our knowledge, the first genetic evidence that ORC is involved in DNA replication and silencing.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/366087a0

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nature

Publication Date

04/11/1993

Volume

366

Pages

87 - 89

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence, Base Sequence, DNA Replication, DNA, Fungal, DNA-Binding Proteins, Fungal Proteins, Genetic Complementation Test, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Origin Recognition Complex, Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid, Repressor Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins