Characterisation of molecular DNA rearrangements within the Xq12-q13.1 region, in three patients with X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (EDA).
Thomas NS., Chelly J., Zonana J., Davies KJ., Morgan S., Gault J., Rack KA., Buckle VJ., Brockdorff N., Clarke A.
A panel of somatic cell hybrids and X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (EDA) patient-derived cell lines, containing different rearranged X chromosomes, have been used to refine the physical map of the Xq12-q13.1 region. The patient-derived material included genomic DNA from an EDA male (EDA family 1015) with an interstitial deletion, and a cell line GM0705A, obtained from an isolated female patient with a de novo balanced (X;9) translocation, and the somatic hybrid, AnLy, derived from this cell line. This map subdivides the region into at least 6 mapping-intervals. DNA probes from DXS732 and DXS453, identified as the closest flanking marker loci to the EDA locus, were used to identify homologous Yeast Artificial Chromosome (YAC) clones. Two of the DXS732-specific YACs were shown by fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH) analysis to bridge the (X;9) translocation breakpoint. These two YACs were also screened against the ICRF human X chromosome cosmid library and identified 36 cosmid clones. Direct cosmid-cosmid hybridisation analysis placed subsets of these clones within four different cosmid contigs. Mapping of anchor clones from each contig, against the mapping panel, localised all these contigs within the Xq12-q13.1 region. One cosmid, ICRFc104C03.184, identified potential junctional-fragments in several restriction digests of AnLy hybrid DNA. This was confirmed by FISH analysis of the GM0705A cell line with total cosmid ICRFc104C03.184, in which both chromosomal elements of the (X;9) translocation were identified. A single-copy probe pC03.184E2, derived from this cosmid, also identified the der(9)-derived junctional fragment when hybridised against AnLy DNA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)