Phosphorylation of cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) by calmodulin dependent protein kinase, protein kinase C and cAMP dependent protein kinase.
Menez JF., Machu TK., Song BJ., Browning MD., Deitrich RA.
Phosphorylation of pure cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) was achieved in vitro using Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II), protein kinase C (PKC) and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). The stoichiometry and time-course of phosphorylation were determined. CaM kinase II was the most efficient enzyme capable of catalyzing this phosphorylation reaction: the maximum incorporation of 32PO4 was 0.8 mol/mol CYP2E1 in 20 min. PKA phosphorylated a maximum of 0.7 mol of 32PO4/mol of cytochrome within 60 min. The phosphorylation by PKC reached a maximum of 0.19 mol of 32PO4/mol of cytochrome and this occurred within a few minutes of incubation. Limited digestion by S. aureus V8 protease (SAP) of CYP2E1, which had been phosphorylated by either PKA and PKC, yielded a single major phosphopeptide with an M(r) of approximately 18,000. Limited digestion of CYP2E1, that had been phosphorylated by CaM kinase II, yielded phosphorylated polypeptides with M(r) of approximately 18,000 and 15,000. These results raise the possibility that these three kinases may be involved in the regulation of CYP2E1.