The complete amino acid sequence confirms the presence of pseudoazurin in Thiosphaera pantotropha.
Chan C., Willis AC., Robinson CV., Aplin RT., Radford SE., Ferguson SJ.
The complete amino acid sequence, obtained by direct protein sequencing, of the pseudoazurin from Thiosphaera pantotropha is reported. It shows sequence identities varying from 46 to 66% with previously sequenced pseudoazurins. Previously identified conserved residues with key functions in pseudoazurins are found in the protein from T. pantotropha with the exception of glycine-39, the carbonyl group of which has been considered as a ligand to the copper, which is replaced by a serine residue. Electrospray-ionization MS (ESI-MS) has shown that pseudoazurin from T. pantotropha often contains two polypeptide species differing in molecular mass by 16 Da, presumably owing to oxidation of a methionine residue to a sulphoxide derivative. These two species have different endoproteinase Arg-C digestion patterns. Conditions for ESI-MS were identified that permitted either the retention or the loss of the single copper ion associated with the pseudoazurin. The aberrant tendency of T. pantotropha pseudoazurin to form a disulphide-bridged dimer on SDS/PAGE under some conditions is described.