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The in vitro activity of a novel 8-methoxyquinolone, BAY 12-8039, against recent clinical isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 404), Haemophilus influenzae (n = 330), and Moraxella catarrhalis (n = 250) was evaluated. Activity was compared to those of six other fluoroquinolones: ciprofloxacin, clinafloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin, sparfloxacin and trovafloxacin. BAY 12-8039 and clinafloxacin had the highest levels of activity against S. pneumoniae, both with a MIC at which 90% of the isolates were inhibited (MIC90) of 0.06 microg/ml. Trovafloxacin and sparfloxacin were the next most active agents versus S. pneumoniae (MIC90s = 0.12 microg/ml). No differences in activity against penicillin-susceptible, -intermediate, or -resistant strains of S. pneumoniae were noted for any of the fluoroquinolones tested. MIC90s for the seven fluoroquinolones ranged from 0.008 to 0.06 microg/ml versus H. influenzae and from 0.008 to 0.12 microg/ml for M. catarrhalis. The MICs for two strains of S. pneumoniae and one strain of H. influenzae were noted to be higher than those for the general population of organisms for all of the fluoroquinolones tested. Finally, the activity of BAY 12-8039 versus S. pneumoniae was found to be diminished when MIC determinations were performed with incubation of agar dilution plates or broth microdilution trays in 5 to 7% CO2 versus ambient air.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Antimicrob Agents Chemother

Publication Date

07/1997

Volume

41

Pages

1594 - 1597

Keywords

Anti-Infective Agents, Aza Compounds, Fluoroquinolones, Haemophilus influenzae, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis, Quinolines, Quinolones, Streptococcus pneumoniae