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Ribosomal RNA gene transcription, co-transcriptional processing, and ribosome biogenesis are highly coordinated processes that are tightly regulated during cell growth. In this study we discovered that Mybbp1a is associated with both the RNA polymerase I complex and the ribosome biogenesis machinery. Using a reporter assay that uncouples transcription and RNA processing, we show that Mybbp1a represses rRNA gene transcription. In addition, overexpression of the protein reduces RNA polymerase I loading on endogenous rRNA genes as revealed by chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments. Accordingly, depletion of Mybbp1a results in an accumulation of the rRNA precursor in vivo but surprisingly also causes growth arrest of the cells. This effect can be explained by the observation that the modulation of Mybbp1a protein levels results in defects in pre-rRNA processing within the cell. Therefore, the protein may play a dual role in the rRNA metabolism, potentially linking and coordinating ribosomal DNA transcription and pre-rRNA processing to allow for the efficient synthesis of ribosomes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1074/jbc.M111.303719

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Biol Chem

Publication Date

13/07/2012

Volume

287

Pages

24365 - 24377

Keywords

Animals, Blotting, Northern, Carrier Proteins, Cell Line, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, HeLa Cells, Humans, Mice, Microscopy, Fluorescence, Nuclear Proteins, Nucleocytoplasmic Transport Proteins, RNA Polymerase I, RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional, RNA, Ribosomal, RNA, Small Interfering, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Ribosomes