A streptavidin variant with slower biotin dissociation and increased mechanostability.
Chivers CE., Crozat E., Chu C., Moy VT., Sherratt DJ., Howarth M.
Streptavidin binds biotin conjugates with exceptional stability but dissociation does occur, limiting its use in imaging, DNA amplification and nanotechnology. We identified a mutant streptavidin, traptavidin, with more than tenfold slower biotin dissociation, increased mechanical strength and improved thermostability; this resilience should enable diverse applications. FtsK, a motor protein important in chromosome segregation, rapidly displaced streptavidin from biotinylated DNA, whereas traptavidin resisted displacement, indicating the force generated by Ftsk translocation.