Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Graft-versus-host disease is one of the major problems in clinical bone marrow transplantation. Many experiments in animals have shown that it could be greatly reduced if mature T lymphocytes were removed from the donor marrow. Here we describe a new rat monoclonal antibody, CAMPATH 1, which is suitable for depleting lymphocytes from human marrow grafts. CAMPATH 1 is an IgM that fixes human complement. It binds to both T and B lymphocytes and some monocytes but not to other hemopoietic cells. When peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated with CAMPATH 1 and complement, more than 99% of lymphocytes were killed and viable T cells could no longer be detected. Under these conditions, in vitro multipotential erythroid and myeloid colony-forming cells were unaffected. As well as being used for in vitro treatment of bone marrow to remove T cells, CAMPATH 1 could potentially be applied to other experimental and clinical situations where depletion of lymphoid cells is required, including serotherapy to achieve immunosuppression for organ transplants or to treat lymphocytic leukemias.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Blood

Publication Date

10/1983

Volume

62

Pages

873 - 882

Keywords

Antibodies, Monoclonal, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Cell Separation, Cell Survival, Complement System Proteins, Erythrocyte Aging, Graft vs Host Reaction, Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Humans, Hybridomas, Lymphocyte Depletion, Multiple Myeloma, T-Lymphocytes