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In budding yeast, G1 cyclins such as CLN1 and CLN2 are expressed in G1 and S phases, while mitotic cyclins such as CLB1 and CLB2 are expressed in G2 and M phases. We find that the CLBs play a central role in the transition from CLNs to CLBs: the CLBs stimulate their own expression while repressing that of CLNs. This negative regulation of CLNs may occur via the transcription factor SWI4, because CLBs are necessary for G2 repression of SCB-regulated genes like CLN1 and CLN2 but not for repression of MCB-regulated genes like DNA polymerase and CLB5. Furthermore, SW14 associates with CLB2 protein and is a substrate for the CLB2-associated CDC28 kinase in vitro.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cell

Publication Date

24/09/1993

Volume

74

Pages

993 - 1007

Keywords

Activity Cycles, Base Sequence, Cell Cycle, Cyclins, DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase, G1 Phase, G2 Phase, Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal, Kinetics, Plasmids, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Kinases, Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Transcription, Genetic