Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: There is a heritable component to suicidal behaviour, encouraging the search for the associated risk alleles. Given the putative role of the 5-HT (5-hydroxytryptamine; serotonin) system in suicidal behaviour, serotonergic genes are leading candidates. In particular, several studies have reported an association with variants in the tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) gene. METHOD: We studied six serotonergic gene polymorphisms in a well-characterized sample of 129 deliberate self-harm subjects and 329 comparison subjects. The polymorphisms were TPH (A779C), 5-HT transporter (5-HTT, LPR S/L), monoamine oxidase A (MAOA G941T), 5-HT1B receptor (HTR1B G861C), 5-HT2A receptor (HTR2A T102C), and 5-HT2C receptor (HTR2C Cys23Ser). Genotyping was done using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays. The primary analyses compared allele and genotype frequencies between cases and controls. There were a limited number of planned secondary analyses within the deliberate self-harm group. RESULTS: The TPH A779 allele was more common in deliberate self-harm subjects than in controls (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.02-1.88; P = 0.03). None of the other polymorphisms was associated with deliberate self-harm. Within the deliberate self-harm group there were no associations with impulsivity, suicide risk, lifetime history of depression, or family history of deliberate self-harm. CONCLUSIONS: Our data extend the evidence that allelic variation in the TPH gene is a risk factor for deliberate self-harm. No evidence was found to implicate the other polymorphisms.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Psychol Med

Publication Date

07/2003

Volume

33

Pages

775 - 783

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Alleles, Carrier Proteins, Case-Control Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Membrane Glycoproteins, Membrane Transport Proteins, Middle Aged, Monoamine Oxidase, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Polymorphism, Genetic, Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2C, Receptors, Serotonin, Risk Factors, Self-Injurious Behavior, Serotonin, Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins, Suicide, Tryptophan Hydroxylase