Monoclonal antibodies specific for novel murine cell surface markers define subpopulations of germinal center cells.
Platt FM., Cebra-Thomas JA., Baum CM., Davie JM., McKearn JP.
A panel of mAbs has been generated which selectively, but not exclusively, recognizes populations of cells within germinal centers of immunized mice. All four mAbs stain B cell populations as defined by flow cytometry. The mAbs FH9.5 and C3.5 also stain T cell subsets (CD4+ and CD8+, respectively). Following density gradient centrifugation of spleen cells from immunized mice the majority of FH9.5+ and C3.5+ B cells are found in the low density, activated fractions. The cells bearing the epitope(s) recognized by the C6C3 and the A6A2 mAbs are less frequent, and from flow cytometric analysis the cells stained with these mAbs are B cells and myeloid cells. The surface markers defined by the four mAbs are not induced following mitogen stimulation of small resting B cells suggesting that these molecules are not general activation markers. Cell lines from a variety of hematopoietic lineages expressing the four markers have been identified. The cell surface molecule immunoprecipitated by the FH9.5 mAb is a polypeptide of 23-28 kDa. The C3.5 antigen is an 85- to 95-kDa protein. These mAbs will be useful in elucidating the complex events involved in B cell differentiation and maturation which occur within germinal centers.