Atypical choroideremia presenting with early-onset macular atrophy.
Kontos G., Kwan J., Xue K., Patrício MI., Clouston P., Packham E., MacLaren RE., Downes SM.
Choroideremia is an X-linked recessive retinal degeneration predominantly affecting hemizygous males. It is caused by mutations in the CHM gene that encodes the Rab escort protein-1. Characteristic features include early nyctalopia followed by progressive constriction of peripheral visual fields and sparing of the central vision until late in life with a distinct fundoscopic appearance. We present the case of a 17-year-old male with a c.282delT in exon 4 of CHM that has not previously been reported. Phenotypically this patient presented with an atypical choroideremia phenotype of early central macular degeneration in addition to the classic peripheral fundus characteristic findings.