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Protein IIIa (Mr 74,000) and protein IIIb (Mr 55,000) are 2 major phosphoproteins found in mammalian brain. It was previously shown in intact nerve cells that the phosphorylation state of these 2 proteins could be increased by electrical stimulation, by depolarizing agents in the presence of calcium, and by 8-bromo-cAMP. We now report that protein IIIa and protein IIIb possess significant structural homology, as indicated by immunochemical studies using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies and by peptide-mapping studies. A quantitative radioimmunoassay using immunolabeling in SDS-polyacrylamide gels has been used to study the tissue distribution and regional and subcellular distribution in the brain of the 2 proteins. The 2 proteins were found only in nervous tissue and the adrenal medulla. Subcellular fractionation studies suggested that both proteins are associated with synaptic vesicles.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Neurosci

Publication Date

03/1987

Volume

7

Pages

847 - 853

Keywords

Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Brain, Isoelectric Focusing, Neuropeptides, Peptide Mapping, Phosphoproteins, Rats, Subcellular Fractions, Synapsins, Synaptic Vesicles, Tissue Distribution