Synthetic α- and β-Ser-ADP-ribosylated Peptides Reveal α-Ser-ADPr as the Native Epimer.
Voorneveld J., Rack JGM., Ahel I., Overkleeft HS., van der Marel GA., Filippov DV.
A solid-phase methodology to synthesize oligopeptides, specifically incorporating serine residues linked to ADP-ribose (ADPr), is presented. Through the synthesis of both α- and β-anomers of the phosphoribosylated Fmoc-Ser building block and their usage in our modified solid-phase peptide synthesis protocol, both α- and β-ADPr peptides from a naturally Ser-ADPr containing H2B sequence were obtained. With these, and by digestion studies using the human glycohydrolase, ARH3 (hARH3), compelling evidence is obtained that the α-Ser-ADPr linkage comprises the naturally occurring configuration.