Tpcn2 knockout mice have improved insulin sensitivity and are protected against high-fat diet-induced weight gain.
He H., Holl K., DeBehnke S., Yeo CT., Hansen P., Gebre AK., Leone-Kabler S., Ruas M., Parks JS., Parrington J., Solberg Woods LC.
Type 2 diabetes is a complex disorder affected by multiple genes and the environment. Our laboratory has shown that in response to a glucose challenge, two-pore channel 2 ( Tpcn2) knockout mice exhibit a decreased insulin response but normal glucose clearance, suggesting they have improved insulin sensitivity compared with wild-type mice. We tested the hypothesis that improved insulin sensitivity in Tpcn2 knockout mice would protect against the negative effects of a high fat diet. Male and female Tpcn2 knockout (KO), heterozygous (Het), and wild-type (WT) mice were fed a low-fat (LF) or high-fat (HF) diet for 24 wk. HF diet significantly increases body weight in WT mice relative to those on the LF diet; this HF diet-induced increase in body weight is blunted in the Het and KO mice. Despite the protection against diet-induced weight gain, however, Tpcn2 KO mice are not protected against HF-diet-induced changes in glucose or insulin area under the curve during glucose tolerance tests in female mice, while HF diet has no significant effect on glucose tolerance in the male mice, regardless of genotype. Glucose disappearance during an insulin tolerance test is augmented in male KO mice, consistent with our previous findings suggesting enhanced insulin sensitivity in these mice. Male KO mice exhibit increased fasting plasma total cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations relative to WT mice on the LF diet, but this difference disappears in HF diet-fed mice where there is increased cholesterol and triglycerides across all genotypes. These data demonstrate that knockout of Tpcn2 may increase insulin action in male, but not female, mice. In addition, both male and female KO mice are protected against diet-induced weight gain, but this protection is likely independent from glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and plasma lipid levels.