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BACKGROUND: ICD-10 has introduced the diagnostic group acute and transient psychotic disorders (ATPDs; F23). AIMS: To validate the nosological distinctiveness of ICD-10 ATPDs by following up an inception cohort with first-episode psychosis. METHOD: All patients with first-episode psychosis identified in Nottingham between 1992 and 1994 and diagnosed using ICD-10 criteria were reassessed 3 years later. ATPD outcomes were compared with schizophrenia and affective psychosis. Multivariate analyses were conducted to determine whether acute onset and early remission predicted favourable 3-year outcome in first-episode psychosis. RESULTS: Of 168 cases of first-episode psychosis, 32 (19%) received an intake diagnosis of ATPD. The diagnosis of ATPD was stable in women over 3 years, but not in men. Outcomes in ATPD were better than in schizophrenia and similar to affective psychosis. In non-affective psychoses, favourable outcomes were a function of gender and premorbid functioning rather than acute onset and early remission. CONCLUSIONS: The ICD-10 criteria for ATPDs identify a diagnostically unstable group of disorders. Acute onset and early remission do not independently predict favourable outcome over 3 years in first-episode psychosis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1192/bjp.185.6.452

Type

Journal article

Journal

Br J Psychiatry

Publication Date

12/2004

Volume

185

Pages

452 - 459

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Age of Onset, Aged, Humans, Life Change Events, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Pedigree, Prognosis, Psychotic Disorders