Ion channels formed by HIV-1 Vpu: a modelling and simulation study.
Grice AL., Kerr ID., Sansom MS.
Vpu is an oligomeric integral membrane protein encoded by HIV-1 which forms ion channels, each subunit of which contains a single transmembrane helix. Models of Vpu channels formed by bundles of N = 4, 5 or 6 transmembrane helices have been developed by restrained molecular dynamics and refined by 100 ps simulations with water molecules within the pore. Pore radius profiles and conductance predictions suggest that the N = 5 model corresponds to the predominant channel conductance level of the channel. Potential energy profiles for translation of Na+ or Cl- ions along the Vpu N = 5 pore are consistent with the weak cation selectivity of Vpu channels.