Molecular evolution of the ZFY and ZNF6 gene families.
Johnston CM., Shimeld SM., Sharpe PT.
Members of the ZFY and ZNF6 gene families have been cloned from species representing different taxa and different modes of sex determination. Comparisons of these genes show the ZFY-like and ZNF6 sequences to be strongly conserved across marsupials, birds, and lepidosaurians. Sequence analyzed by neighbor-joining indicated that both gene families are monophyletic with a high bootstrap value. Pairing of sequences from males and females of nonmammalian species showed there to be no significant difference between male and female sequences from a single species, consistent with autosomal locations. The molecular distances between murine Zfy-1, Zfy-2, and other ZFY-like sequences suggested that Zfy genes have undergone a period of rapid evolutionary change not seen in human ZFY.