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We investigated the neuroprotective efficacy of the P-type Ca2+ channel antagonist daurisoline against electroshock-induced convulsions in rats and mice, hypoxic/hypoglycemic-induced damage in rat hippocampal slices and brain damage induced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) in rats. Daurisoline applied intravenously (i.v.) (bolus of 1-60 mg/kg) reduced the spontaneous activity of rat cerebellar Purkinje cells in a dose-dependent manner, a result demonstrating activity in the brain with systemic administration of the compound. While this effect reversed rapidly in about 10-20 min following bolus-application of the drug at doses of up to 30 mg/kg, a dose of 60 mg/kg consistently induced a depression of respiration followed by death of the animals. Daurisoline administered at 10-30 mg/kg did not prevent electroshock-induced convulsions in mice or rats, nor did it reduce the neuronal damage in hippocampal slices induced by a hypoxic/hypoglycemic insult in vitro by MCA occlusion in vivo. These observations do not support the hypothesis that P-type Ca2+ channels are promising drug targets for the acute treatment of epileptic convulsions and/or ischemic stroke.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Neuropharmacology

Publication Date

01/1997

Volume

36

Pages

107 - 113

Keywords

Alkaloids, Animals, Anticonvulsants, Benzylisoquinolines, Brain, Brain Ischemia, Calcium Channel Blockers, Epilepsy, Evoked Potentials, Male, Mice, Microscopy, Confocal, Neuroprotective Agents, Purkinje Cells, Rats