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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) is a grading system to assess ischemic changes on CT in acute ischemic stroke. CT angiography-source images (CTA-SI) predict final infarct volume. We examined whether the final infarct ASPECTS and clinical outcome were more related to acute CTA-SI ASPECTS than to the acute noncontrast CT (NCCT) ASPECTS. METHODS: ASPECTS was assigned by 2 raters on the acute NCCT, CTA-SI, and follow-up imaging. The mean baseline ASPECTS of acute NCCT and CTA-SI was compared with the follow-up ASPECTS. Rate ratios (RRs) were used to quantify the relationship between the dichotomized baseline ASPECTS (categorized as 0 to 7 versus 8 to 10) and favorable patient outcome. RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients were recruited. Proximal occlusion (internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery) was seen in 62%, M2 occlusion in 18%, and no occlusion was seen in 20% of patients. The median time between symptom onset and imaging was 1.9 (1.2 to 2.5) hours. There was a significantly larger difference of 1.4 between the mean baseline NCCT and CTA-SI ASPECTS in patients who had more ischemic changes (follow-up ASPECTS=0 to 3) than a difference of 0.6 in patients who had near-to-normal CT scans (follow-up ASPECTS=8 to 10). The rate of favorable outcome for acute NCCT ASPECTS of 8 to 10 was 51.8% versus 25.0% for 0 to 7 (RR, 2.1, 95% CI: 0.7 to 5.9, P=0.12). For acute CTA-SI ASPECTS of 8 to 10, the rate of favorable outcome was 58.8% versus 31.8% for 0 to 7 (RR, 1.8, 95% CI: 0.9 to 3.8, P=0.09). CONCLUSIONS: CTA-SI ASPECTS provides added information in the prediction of final infarct size.

Original publication

DOI

10.1161/01.STR.0000145330.14928.2a

Type

Journal article

Journal

Stroke

Publication Date

11/2004

Volume

35

Pages

2472 - 2476

Keywords

Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Brain Infarction, Cerebral Angiography, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Tomography, X-Ray Computed