Differential glycosylation of interleukin 2, the molecular basis for the NOD Idd3 type 1 diabetes gene?
Podolin PL., Wilusz MB., Cubbon RM., Pajvani U., Lord CJ., Todd JA., Peterson LB., Wicker LS., Lyons PA.
The insulin-dependent diabetes (Idd) gene, Idd3, has been localised to a 0.35 cM region of chromosome 3 containing the structural gene for the cytokine interleukin 2 (IL-2). While variation of the N-terminal amino acid sequence of IL-2 has been shown to correlate with Idd3 allelic variation, differences in induction of proliferation by IL-2 allotypes have not been detected. In the current study, we examined the electrophoretic migration of IL-2 allotypes and have found two distinct patterns, consistent with differences in glycosylation, that correlate with diabetes-resistance and susceptibility. These findings strongly suggest that IL-2 variants may be functionally distinct.