A genome-wide association study of nonsynonymous SNPs identifies a type 1 diabetes locus in the interferon-induced helicase (IFIH1) region.
Smyth DJ., Cooper JD., Bailey R., Field S., Burren O., Smink LJ., Guja C., Ionescu-Tirgoviste C., Widmer B., Dunger DB., Savage DA., Walker NM., Clayton DG., Todd JA.
In this study we report convincing statistical support for a sixth type 1 diabetes (T1D) locus in the innate immunity viral RNA receptor gene region IFIH1 (also known as mda-5 or Helicard) on chromosome 2q24.3. We found the association in an interim analysis of a genome-wide nonsynonymous SNP (nsSNP) scan, and we validated it in a case-control collection and replicated it in an independent family collection. In 4,253 cases, 5,842 controls and 2,134 parent-child trio genotypes, the risk ratio for the minor allele of the nsSNP rs1990760 A --> G (A946T) was 0.86 (95% confidence interval = 0.82-0.90) at P = 1.42 x 10(-10).