Arylsulphatase A pseudodeficiency in vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease.
Philpot M., Lewis K., Pereria ML., Ward C., Holmes C., Lovestone S., Fensom A., Seller M.
The carrier rates of a genetic marker for arylsulphatase A pseudodeficiency (ASA-PD) were determined in three series of patients with vascular dementia (VaD) or Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the first community-based sample, the 1524 + 95A-->G mutation, which is known to be associated with ASA-PD, was present in 35% of VaD cases and none of the AD cases. In a second sample of cases drawn from a Dementia Register, the mutation rates were 18% (VaD) and 16% (AD). Brain DNA from a post-mortem sample revealed the ASA-PD mutation in 60% of VaD cases and 34% of AD cases. These rates are higher than previous studies of culturally similar populations and suggest that ASA-PD may be a risk factor for dementia.