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© 2015 by JohnWiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved. Education holds the key to career opportunity, prosperity and ultimately adult well-being. Children who have difficulties in learning are at high risk of educational failure which in turn can limit their career options. In this chapter we consider the nature and etiology of specific learning disorders, namely reading, spelling and mathematics disorders together with developmental coordination disorder all of which are associated with academic difficulties. We argue it is important to develop models of the cognitive risk factors underpinning these disorders in order to develop effective interventions.

Original publication





Book title

Rutter's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: Sixth Edition

Publication Date



702 - 718