Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Theoretical models of nicotine abuse suggest that preferential attention allocation towards smoking-related stimuli plays an important role in the development and maintenance of smoking behavior. However, little is known about the impact of standard treatment programs for nicotine cessation on this effect. In the current study, we investigated smoking-related attentional bias using a visual dot probe task and an emotional Stroop task before and after a standard behavioral group therapy. Smokers (n=39) who received treatment, a smoker control group without treatment (n=20) and a non-smoker control group (n=20) were investigated. Although we found a reduction in attentional bias scores after successful treatment, this effect failed to reach statistical significance. Of note, we observed a low test-retest reliability in low-dependence smokers in both tasks which is a substantial limitation for using these paradigms in longitudinal studies. Additionally, there was no significant correlation between the attentional bias scores from both tasks.

Original publication

DOI

10.1080/08964289.2010.543195

Type

Journal article

Journal

Behav Med

Publication Date

01/2011

Volume

37

Pages

26 - 34

Keywords

Adult, Attention, Behavior Therapy, Female, Humans, Male, Neuropsychological Tests, Psychomotor Performance, Psychotherapy, Group, Reproducibility of Results, Self Report, Smoking Cessation, Tobacco Use Disorder