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BACKGROUND: Measures of neocortical amyloid burden (NAB) identify individuals who are at substantially greater risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). Blood-based biomarkers predicting NAB would have great utility for the enrichment of AD clinical trials, including large-scale prevention trials. METHODS: Nontargeted proteomic discovery was applied to 78 subjects from the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle Flagship Study of Ageing with a range of NAB values. Technical and independent replications were performed by immunoassay. RESULTS: Seventeen discovery candidates were selected for technical replication. α2-Macroglobulin, fibrinogen γ-chain (FGG), and complement factor H-related protein 1 were confirmed to be associated with NAB. In an independent cohort, FGG plasma levels combined with age predicted NAB had a sensitivity of 59% and specificity of 78%. CONCLUSION: A single blood protein, FGG, combined with age, was shown to relate to NAB and therefore could have potential for enrichment of clinical trial populations.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.dadm.2014.11.005

Type

Journal article

Journal

Alzheimers Dement (Amst)

Publication Date

03/2015

Volume

1

Pages

48 - 60

Keywords

Alzheimer's disease, Biomarker, Clinical trials, Fibrinogen γ-chain, Plasma, Proteomics, β amyloid