Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients who require multidisciplinary intensive care after cardiac surgery have a poor prognosis. The aim was to investigate factors in the mortality of this group of patients at 6 months. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made of the 6-month mortality rate in 301 adults who required admission to a multidisciplinary intensive care unit following cardiac surgery from 1991 to 1997. Mortality was correlated with clinical and patient characteristic variables. RESULTS: The intensive care mortality rate was 34% and at 6 months after patients' discharge from intensive care it was 51%. There were positive correlations with death at 6 months for ventricular failure (odds ratio of death 3.4, P = 0.002), sepsis (odds ratio 3.0, P = 0.004) and age over 80 yr (odds ratio of death 9.2, P = 0.034). Patients who had undergone isolated coronary artery graft surgery (odds ratio of death 0.28, P = 0.036) or thoracic surgery (odds ratio of death 0.22, P = 0.042) had better 6-month outcomes. Patients with respiratory or renal failure in the absence of ventricular failure or sepsis had a 6-month mortality rate of 36%; but the lower mortality rate did not achieve statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: The 6-month mortality rate of 51% in a group of patients requiring multidisciplinary intensive care after cardiac surgery is consistent with previous studies; mortality was particularly high in extreme old age and in patients referred with sepsis or ventricular failure. Those patients with uncomplicated respiratory or renal failure had a better outcome than the group as a whole.


Journal article


Eur J Anaesthesiol

Publication Date





719 - 725


Age Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cardiac Surgical Procedures, Critical Care, Heart Diseases, Humans, Odds Ratio, ROC Curve, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome