Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Phosphate starvation compromises electron flow through the cytochrome pathway of the mitochondrial electron transport chain, and plants commonly respond to phosphate deprivation by increasing flow through the alternative oxidase (AOX). To test whether this response is linked to the increase in nitric oxide (NO) production that also increases under phosphate starvation, Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings were grown for 15 d on media containing either 0 or 1mM inorganic phosphate. The effects of the phosphate supply on growth, the production of NO, respiration, the AOX level and the production of superoxide were compared for wild-type (WT) seedlings and the nitrate reductase double mutant nia. Phosphate deprivation increased NO production in WT roots, and the AOX level and the capacity of the alternative pathway to consume electrons in WT seedlings; whereas the same treatment failed to stimulate NO production and AOX expression in the nia mutant, and the plants had an altered growth phenotype. The NO donor S-nitrosoglutathione rescued the growth phenotype of the nia mutants under phosphate deprivation to some extent, and it also increased the respiratory capacity of AOX. It is concluded that NO is required for the induction of the AOX pathway when seedlings are grown under phosphate-limiting conditions.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/jxb/erv338

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Exp Bot

Publication Date

10/2015

Volume

66

Pages

6273 - 6280

Keywords

Alternative oxidase, Arabidopsis thaliana, inorganic phosphate, nitric oxide, phosphate stress, reactive oxygen species, respiration., Arabidopsis, Enzyme Induction, Gene Expression Regulation, Plant, Mitochondrial Proteins, Mutation, Nitrate Reductase, Nitric Oxide, Oxidoreductases, Phosphates, Plant Proteins, Plant Roots, Seedlings, Superoxides