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There is evidence that in Europe and North America many species of pollinators are in decline, both in abundance and distribution. Although there is a long list of potential causes of this decline, there is concern that neonicotinoid insecticides, in particular through their use as seed treatments are, at least in part, responsible. This paper describes a project that set out to summarize the natural science evidence base relevant to neonicotinoid insecticides and insect pollinators in as policy-neutral terms as possible. A series of evidence statements are listed and categorized according to the nature of the underlying information. The evidence summary forms the appendix to this paper and an annotated bibliography is provided in the electronic supplementary material.

Original publication

DOI

10.1098/rspb.2014.0558

Type

Journal article

Journal

Proc Biol Sci

Publication Date

07/07/2014

Volume

281

Keywords

bumblebee, honeybee, insecticides, neonicotinoids, pollination, pollinator, Anabasine, Animals, Bees, Insecticides, Pollination