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Molecules labeled with fluorine-18 are used as radiotracers for positron emission tomography. An important challenge is the labeling of arenes not amenable to aromatic nucleophilic substitution (SNAr) with [(18)F]F(-). In the ideal case, the (18)F fluorination of these substrates would be performed through reaction of [(18)F]KF with shelf-stable readily available precursors using a broadly applicable method suitable for automation. Herein, we describe the realization of these requirements with the production of (18)F arenes from pinacol-derived aryl boronic esters (arylBPin) upon treatment with [(18)F]KF/K222 and [Cu(OTf)2(py)4] (OTf = trifluoromethanesulfonate, py = pyridine). This method tolerates electron-poor and electron-rich arenes and various functional groups, and allows access to 6-[(18)F]fluoro-L-DOPA, 6-[(18)F]fluoro-m-tyrosine, and the translocator protein (TSPO) PET ligand [(18)F]DAA1106.

Original publication




Journal article


Angew Chem Int Ed Engl

Publication Date





7751 - 7755


aryl boronic esters, copper, fluorination, fluorine-18, positron emission tomography, Copper, Fluorine Radioisotopes, Halogenation, Molecular Structure, Positron-Emission Tomography