Reconstituted human TPC1 is a proton-permeable ion channel and is activated by NAADP or Ca2+.
Pitt SJ., Lam AK., Rietdorf K., Galione A., Sitsapesan R.
NAADP potently triggers Ca2+ release from acidic lysosomal and endolysosomal Ca2+ stores. Human two-pore channels (TPC1 and TPC2), which are located on these stores, are involved in this process, but there is controversy over whether TPC1 and TPC2 constitute the Ca2+ release channels. We therefore examined the single-channel properties of human TPC1 after reconstitution into bilayers of controlled composition. We found that TPC1 was permeable not only to Ca2+ but also to monovalent cations and that permeability to protons was the highest (relative permeability sequence: H+ > K+ > Na(+) ≥ Ca2+). NAADP or Ca2+ activated TPC1, and the presence of one of these ligands was required for channel activation. The endolysosome-located lipid phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate [PI(3,5)P2] had no effect on TPC1 open probability but significantly increased the relative permeability of Na+ to Ca2+ and of H+ to Ca2+. Furthermore, our data showed that, although both TPC1 and TPC2 are stimulated by NAADP, these channels differ in ion selectivity and modulation by Ca2+ and pH. We propose that NAADP triggers H+ release from lysosomes and endolysomes through activation of TPC1, but that the Ca2+ -releasing ability of TPC1 will depend on the ionic composition of the acidic stores and may be influenced by other regulators that affect TPC1 ion permeation.