Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

TWIK-related K(+) 1 (TREK1) potassium channels are members of the two-pore domain potassium channel family and contribute to background potassium conductances in many cell types, where their activity can be regulated by a variety of physiologic and pharmacologic mediators. Fenamates such as FFA (flufenamic acid; 2-{[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino}benzoic acid), MFA [mefenamic acid; 2-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)aminobenzoic acid], NFA [niflumic acid; 2-{[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino}nicotinic acid], and diclofenac [2-(2-(2,6-dichlorophenylamino)phenyl)acetic acid] and the related experimental drug BL-1249 [(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-naphthalen-1-yl)-[2-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-phenyl]-amine] enhance the activity of TREK1 currents, and we show that BL-1249 is the most potent of these compounds. Alternative translation initiation produces a shorter, N terminus truncated form of TREK1 with a much reduced open probability and a proposed increased permeability to sodium compared with the longer form. We show that both forms of TREK1 can be activated by fenamates and that a number of mutations that affect TREK1 channel gating occlude the action of fenamates but only in the longer form of TREK1. Furthermore, fenamates produce a marked enhancement of current through the shorter, truncated form of TREK1 and reveal a K(+)-selective channel, like the long form. These results provide insight into the mechanism of TREK1 channel activation by fenamates, and, given the role of TREK1 channels in pain, they suggest a novel analgesic mechanism for these compounds.

Original publication




Journal article


Mol Pharmacol

Publication Date





671 - 681


Fenamates, HEK293 Cells, Humans, Ion Channel Gating, Mutation, Potassium Channels, Tandem Pore Domain, Protein Structure, Secondary