Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The NRT1/PTR family of proton-coupled transporters are responsible for nitrogen assimilation in eukaryotes and bacteria through the uptake of peptides. However, in most plant species members of this family have evolved to transport nitrate as well as additional secondary metabolites and hormones. In response to falling nitrate levels, NRT1.1 is phosphorylated on an intracellular threonine that switches the transporter from a low-affinity to high-affinity state. Here we present both the apo and nitrate-bound crystal structures of Arabidopsis thaliana NRT1.1, which together with in vitro binding and transport data identify a key role for His 356 in nitrate binding. Our data support a model whereby phosphorylation increases structural flexibility and in turn the rate of transport. Comparison with peptide transporters further reveals how the NRT1/PTR family has evolved to recognize diverse nitrogenous ligands, while maintaining elements of a conserved coupling mechanism within this superfamily of nutrient transporters.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/nature13116

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nature

Publication Date

06/03/2014

Volume

507

Pages

68 - 72

Keywords

Anion Transport Proteins, Arabidopsis, Crystallography, X-Ray, Histidine, Ion Transport, Models, Molecular, Nitrates, Phosphorylation, Phosphothreonine, Plant Proteins, Protein Conformation, Protons, Structure-Activity Relationship, Substrate Specificity