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Our comparative study of the knees of horses and cows (paraphrased as highly evolved joggers and as domesticated couch-potatoes, respectively) demonstrates significant differences in the posterior sections of bovine and equine tibial cartilage, which are consistent with specialisation for gait. These insights were possible using a novel analytical measuring technique based on the shearing of small biopsy samples, called dynamic shear analysis. We assert that this technique could provide a powerful new tool to precisely quantify the pathology of osteoarthritis for the medical field.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s00114-014-1163-5

Type

Journal article

Journal

Naturwissenschaften

Publication Date

04/2014

Volume

101

Pages

351 - 354

Keywords

Animals, Biomechanical Phenomena, Cartilage, Cattle, Gait, Horses, Humans, Knee, Tibia