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Lipid-protein interactions in (Na+,K+)-ATPase-rich membranes from the rectal gland of Squalus acanthias have been studied by using spin-labeled lipids in conjunction with electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. Lipid-protein associations are revealed by the presence of a second component in the ESR spectra of the membranes in addition to a component which corresponds very closely to the ESR spectra obtained from dispersions of the extracted membrane lipids. This second component corresponds to spin-labeled lipids whose motion is very significantly restricted relative to that of the fluid lipids in the membrane or the lipid extract. A stoichiometry of approximately 66 lipids per 265 000-dalton protein is found for the motionally restricted component of those spin-labeled lipids (e.g., phosphatidylcholine) which show least specificity for the protein. This corresponds approximately to the number of lipids which may be accommodated within the first shell around the alpha 2 beta 2 protein dimer. A selectivity of the various spin-labeled lipids for the motionally restricted component associated with the protein is found in the following order: cardiolipin greater than phosphatidylserine approximately stearic acid greater than or equal to phosphatidic acid greater than phosphatidylglycerol approximately phosphatidylcholine approximately phosphatidylethanolamine approximately androstanol.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biochemistry

Publication Date

12/03/1985

Volume

24

Pages

1386 - 1393

Keywords

Animals, Cold Temperature, Dogfish, Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Mathematics, Membrane Lipids, Membrane Proteins, Rectum, Salt Gland, Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase