Dissecting quantitative traits in mice.
Mott R., Flint J.
Progress in complex trait mapping in mice has been accelerated by the development of new populations suited to high-resolution mapping and by statistical methodologies that control for population structure. When combined with newly acquired catalogs of sequence variation in inbred strains, the genetic architecture of these new populations makes it possible to dissect complex traits down to the level of single variants. These analyses have shown not only that complex traits are caused by multiple contributing loci but also that each locus is likely due to the combined effects of multiple causal DNA variants. In combination with new rapid methods for producing transgenic mice that make it efficient to test candidate genes and variants, these advances significantly enhance the mouse genetics toolbox for dissecting quantitative traits.