Subtelomeric deletions of chromosome 9q: a novel microdeletion syndrome.
Stewart DR., Huang A., Faravelli F., Anderlid BM., Medne L., Ciprero K., Kaur M., Rossi E., Tenconi R., Nordenskjöld M., Gripp KW., Nicholson L., Meschino WS., Capua E., Quarrell OW., Flint J., Irons M., Giampietro PF., Schowalter DB., Zaleski CA., Malacarne M., Zackai EH., Spinner NB., Krantz ID.
Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) screening of subtelomeric rearrangements has resulted in the identification of previously unrecognized chromosomal causes of mental retardation with and without dysmorphic features. This article reports the phenotypic and molecular breakpoint characterization in a cohort of 12 patients with subtelomeric deletions of chromosome 9q34. The phenotypic findings are consistent amongst these individuals and consist of mental retardation, distinct facial features and congenital heart defects (primarily conotruncal defects). Detailed breakpoint mapping by FISH, microsatellite and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping analysis has narrowed the commonly deleted region to an approximately 1.2 Mb interval containing 14 known transcripts. The majority of the proximal deletion breakpoints fall within a 400 kb interval between SNP markers C12020842 proximally and C80658 distally suggesting a common breakpoint in this interval.