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Research on suicidal behavior falls into two main areas: studies that aim to identify demographic and social risk factors, and studies that aim to investigate the psychological processes mediating suicidal behavior. Within the latter approach, impaired problem-solving ability has been found to be an important variable. This paper reviews recent research focusing on problem-solving deficits and their relation to suicidal behavior and considers some of the methodological problems that arise. These findings are discussed in terms of active versus passive problem solving, state or trait factors, and the psychological processes underlying problem solving. Suggestions for further research are made, focusing on the links between suicidal behavior, problem solving, and autobiographical memory.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Suicide Life Threat Behav

Publication Date

1998

Volume

28

Pages

375 - 387

Keywords

Humans, Internal-External Control, Life Change Events, Mental Recall, Personality Development, Problem Solving, Risk Factors, Suicide