Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that the risk of cancer may be higher in people with psychological disorders, like depression and anxiety, than in the general population. AIMS: To determine cancer risk in cohorts of people with depression or anxiety, compared with that in a control cohort. METHOD: Analysis of linked statistical records of hospital admission and mortality. RESULTS: Lung cancer was more common in those with depression (risk ratio 1.36, 95% confidence intervals 1.19-1.54) or anxiety (1.29, 1.12-1.48) than in others. Excluding lung cancer, the risk ratio for all other cancers combined was 0.98 (0.92-1.04) in the depression cohort and 1.01 (0.95-1.07) in the anxiety cohort. There was a significant association, in the short-term only, between depression, anxiety and the subsequent diagnosis of brain tumours. CONCLUSIONS: With the exception of lung and brain tumours, cancer risk was not increased in people with depression or anxiety.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s00127-007-0211-2

Type

Journal article

Journal

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol

Publication Date

09/2007

Volume

42

Pages

683 - 689

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Anxiety Disorders, Depressive Disorder, Female, Hospitalization, Humans, Incidence, Male, Medical Records, Middle Aged, Neoplasms, Patient Admission, Prevalence