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Guidelines for travellers on malaria chemoprophylaxis, the altitude limits of dominant vector species, climate suitability for malaria transmission and human population density thresholds have been used to map the crude spatial limits of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax transmission on a global scale. These maps suggest that 2.510 and 2.596 billion people were at possible risk of transmission of P. falciparum and P. vivax, respectively, in 2005. Globally, 75 per cent of humans who are exposed to P. falciparum risk live in only ten countries.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.pt.2006.06.006

Type

Journal article

Journal

Trends Parasitol

Publication Date

08/2006

Volume

22

Pages

353 - 358

Keywords

Animals, Climate, Culicidae, Global Health, Humans, Insect Vectors, Malaria, Population Density, Risk Factors, Travel