Predictive validity of acute stress disorder in children and adolescents.
Dalgleish T., Meiser-Stedman R., Kassam-Adams N., Ehlers A., Winston F., Smith P., Bryant B., Mayou RA., Yule W.
Adult research suggests that the dissociation criterion of acute stress disorder has limited validity in predicting post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We addressed this issue in child and adolescent survivors (n=367) of road accidents. Dissociation accounted for no significant unique variance in later PTSD, over and above other acute stress disorder criteria. Furthermore, thresholds of either three or more re-experiencing symptoms, or six or more re-experiencing/hyperarousal symptoms, were as effective at predicting PTSD as the full acute stress disorder diagnosis.