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Extremely long (>150) CAG repeats are often used to create models of polyglutamine diseases yet are very rare in humans where they manifest as pediatric multisystem syndromes of little specificity. Here, we describe an infant with 180 CAG repeats in the spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 gene and focus on systemic ataxin-7 aggregation. This was found in many organs, including the cardiovascular system. In the brain, the hippocampus emerged as a principal site of ataxin-7 aggregation without cell loss. We note differential ubiquitination of aggregates and discuss how this may relate to selective vulnerability.

Original publication




Journal article


Ann Neurol

Publication Date





448 - 452


Ataxin-7, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Male, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Neurons, Pedigree, Spinocerebellar Ataxias, Trinucleotide Repeats, Ubiquitin