A calibration method for quantitative BOLD fMRI based on hyperoxia.
Chiarelli PA., Bulte DP., Wise R., Gallichan D., Jezzard P.
The estimation of changes in CMR(O2) using functional MRI involves an essential calibration step using a vasoactive agent to induce an isometabolic change in CBF. This calibration procedure is performed most commonly using hypercapnia as the isometabolic stimulus. However, hypercapnia possesses a number of detrimental side effects. Here, a new method is presented using hyperoxia to perform the same calibration step. This procedure requires independent measurement of Pa(O2), the BOLD signal, and CBF. We demonstrate that this method yields results that are comparable to those derived using other methods. Further, the hyperoxia technique is able to provide an estimate of the calibration constant that has lower overall intersubject and intersession variability compared to the hypercapnia approach.