Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

IL-10 is an 18-kDa cytokine with a key role in homeostatic control of inflammatory and immune responses. We have investigated how transcription of the IL-10 gene is regulated, so as to be able to understand the circumstances of IL-10 expression in both health and disease. In the mouse, IL-10 gene expression is regulated by a TATA-type promoter with a critical cis-acting element containing GGA repeats located at -89 to -77. Its complementary sequence is similar to the cis-acting elements (TCC repeats) in the promoters of genes encoding epidermal growth factor receptor and CD58. All these elements comprise a common CCTCCT sequence with less conserved C + T-rich sequences. Eliminating this CCTCCT sequence results in a marked reduction in promoter activity, suggesting a necessary role in IL-10 gene expression. Despite its dissimilarity to the G + C-rich Sp1 consensus sequence (GC box), Sp1 and Sp3 transcription factors could be shown to bind to this motif. The requirement for Sp1 and Sp3 in transcription of IL-10 was confirmed using Drosophila SL2 cells, which lack endogenous Sp factors. These results suggest that the transcription of IL-10 is positively regulated by both Sp1 and Sp3.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Immunol

Publication Date

01/07/2000

Volume

165

Pages

286 - 291

Keywords

5' Untranslated Regions, Animals, Base Sequence, Cell Line, DNA-Binding Proteins, Gene Expression Regulation, Interleukin-10, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Protein Binding, Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid, Sp1 Transcription Factor, Sp3 Transcription Factor, Transcription Factors