Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The promotion of alloengraftment in the absence of global immune suppression and multiorgan toxicity is a major goal of transplantation. It is demonstrated that the infusion of a single modest bone marrow dosage in 200 cGy-irradiated recipients treated with anti-CD154 (anti-CD40L) monoclonal antibody (mAb) resulted in chimerism levels of 48%. Reducing irradiation to 100 or 50 cGy permitted 24% and 10% chimerism, respectively. In contrast, pan-T-cell depletion resulted in only transient engraftment in 200 cGy-irradiated recipients. Host CD4(+) cells were essential for alloengraftment as depletion of CD4(+) cells abrogated engraftment in anti-CD154-treated recipients. Strikingly, the depletion of CD8(+) cells did not further enhance engraftment in anti-CD154 mAb-treated recipients in a model in which rejection is mediated by both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. However, anti-CD154 mAb did facilitate engraftment in a model in which only CD8(+) T cells mediate rejection. Furthermore, CD154 deletional mice irradiated with 200 cGy irradiation were not tolerant of grafts, suggesting that engraftment promotion by anti-CD154 mAb may not simply be the result of CD154:CD40 blockade. Together, these data suggest that a CD4(+) regulatory T cell may be induced by anti-CD154 mAb. In contrast to anti-CD154 mAb, anti-B7 mAb did not promote donor engraftment. Additionally, the administration of either anti-CD28 mAb or anti-CD152 (anti-CTLA-4) mAb or the use of CD28 deletional recipients abrogated engraftment in anti-CD154 mAb-treated mice, suggesting that balanced CD28/CD152:B7 interactions are required for the engraftment-promoting capacity of anti-CD154 mAb. These data have important ramifications for the design of clinical nonmyeloablative regimens based on anti-CD154 mAb administration.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Blood

Publication Date

15/07/2001

Volume

98

Pages

467 - 474

Keywords

Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Bone Marrow Transplantation, CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes, CD40 Ligand, CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Flow Cytometry, Graft Survival, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred C3H, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Skin Transplantation, Transplantation Chimera, Transplantation, Homologous, Whole-Body Irradiation