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Macrophage scavenger receptors (MSR) promote atherosclerotic lesion formation, and modulation of MSR activity has been shown to influence atherosclerosis. Soluble receptors are effective in inhibiting receptor-mediated functions in various diseases. We have generated a secreted macrophage scavenger receptor (sMSR) that consists of the bovine growth hormone signal sequence and the human MSR A I extracellular domains. sMSR reduces degradation of atherogenic modified low-density lipoproteins and monocyte/macrophage adhesion on endothelial cells in vitro. To test long-term effects of sMSR, atherosclerosis-susceptible LDLR knockout mice were transduced via the tail vein with an adeno-associated virus (AAV) expressing sMSR or control enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP), and a Western-type diet was started. Gene transfer caused a temporary elevation in alkaline phosphatase and aspartate amino transferase values without a change in C-reactive protein. sMSR protein was detected in the plasma of the transduced mice by a specific ELISA 6 months after the gene transfer. AAV-mediated sMSR gene transfer reduced atherosclerotic lesion area in the aorta by 21% (P < 0.05) compared to EGFP-transduced control mice. Even though eradication of established disease was not possible, atherosclerotic lesion formation could be modified using AAV-mediated gene transfer of the decoy sMSR.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Mol Ther

Publication Date

12/2003

Volume

8

Pages

903 - 910

Keywords

Animals, Aorta, Arteriosclerosis, Dependovirus, Genetic Therapy, Genetic Vectors, Humans, Lipids, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Receptors, Immunologic, Receptors, LDL, Receptors, Scavenger