A randomized phase II pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study of indisulam as second-line therapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
Talbot DC., von Pawel J., Cattell E., Yule SM., Johnston C., Zandvliet AS., Huitema AD., Norbury CJ., Ellis P., Bosquee L., Reck M.
PURPOSE: The primary aim of this study was to measure the objective tumor response rate following treatment with indisulam [E7070; N-(3-chloro-7-indolyl)-1,4-benzenedisulfonamide] as second-line therapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. The secondary aims were to determine progression-free survival, to assess the safety and tolerability of indisulam, and to study its pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients were randomized to receive indisulam every 3 weeks either as a single i.v. dose of 700 mg/m(2) on day one (dx1) or 130 mg/m(2) given on days 1 to 5 inclusive as a daily infusion (dx5). All patients had previously received platinum-based chemotherapy. RESULTS: Forty-four patients were randomized. Only minor responses were seen. Myelosuppression, gastrointestinal symptoms, and lethargy were the most common toxicities and were more frequent in the dx1 arm. The pharmacokinetics of indisulam in each treatment schedule were adequately described using a previously developed population pharmacokinetic model and were mostly consistent with the results of the phase I program. Flow cytometric analysis of endobronchial and metastatic disease revealed a reduction in the fraction of cycling cells and an increase in apoptosis following indisulam compared with pretreatment levels. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that, despite evidence of tumor-specific indisulam-induced apoptosis, neither of these treatment schedules has single-agent activity as second-line treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.