Regulatory T cells in transplantation tolerance.
Waldmann H., Graca L., Adams E., Fairchild P., Cobbold S.
Our ability to harness tolerance mechanisms will have a major impact in organ transplantation if it becomes possible to minimize drug maintenance, or even wean off immunosuppressive drugs. An improved understanding of the biology of regulatory T cells will make it possible to replace current induction regimens with those favouring the vaccination and selection of T cells that prevent graft rejection. Once tolerance is established, the continuous supply of graft antigens should sustain T cell mediated regulation as the dominant mechanism preventing graft rejection.