Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Transcriptional regulation in higher eukaryotes frequently involves long-range interactions, up to tens of hundreds of kilobases away, of a number of cis-acting regulatory DNA elements. Using the chromosome conformation capture technique we have analyzed the expression of a small 2.5-kb gene, CD68, in different human cell types and show for the first time that short-range interactions may also be critical. In human monocytes, which produce high levels of CD68 mRNA, the gene is characterized by intramolecular ligations between the promoter and the 3' intervening region. In cells that poorly express the gene a change in architecture is apparent whereby the promoter preferentially associates with the terminator region only. Furthermore, alterations in CD68 gene structure are associated with failings in mRNA splicing and changes with the phosphorylation status of RNA Pol II across the gene. We propose that short-range intrachromosomal interactions may form the basis of coordinated control of monocyte-specific gene regulation.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





407 - 415


Antigens, CD, Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic, Cell Line, Cell Line, Tumor, Chromatin, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, DNA Polymerase II, Gene Expression Regulation, HL-60 Cells, Humans, Jurkat Cells, Models, Genetic, Myeloid Cells, Phosphorylation, RNA, Messenger, Transcription, Genetic